Louis Delachenal (1897-1966), French Ceramicist
Having joined the faience studio (“atelier des faiences”) at the Sevres Manufacture in 1924, he devoted his skills and his knowledge of chemical and technical processes to serving a global vision of ceramic arts.
From 1927 to 1930, he developed a new stoneware paste, called “gres tendre” (“soft stoneware” or "GT"), which has exceptional qualities. This highly plastic paste can be worked by potters as well as sculptors and can be fired at relatively lower temperatures than other stoneware (1280 degrees C.), which enables it to receive all kinds of decoration and glazes.
A new stoneware studio (“atelier des gres”) is set up in 1930-1931 by Delachenal who then develops a range of exceptional quality “stoneware glazes” (“emaux de gres”) that will be used for a series of vases and bowls with very pure shapes combining aesthetic and function.
This return to pure lines and functional use, much inspired by the Orient, reflects the new and unique role that potters and ceramic artists will play in the independant creation in subsequent years.
The creations of Louis Delachenal for the Manufacture de Sèvres are now present in the collections of major museums such as the Georges Pompidou National Center for Art and Culture in Paris or the Museum of Decorative Arts of Paris.
Biography : Courtesy Didier Luttenbacher Expert CNES